Gender Creative Kids

Gender Variance and Dysphoria in Children and Adolescents

Bonifacio, H.J. and Rosenthal, S.M. (2015). Gender Variance and Dysphoria in Children and Adolescents. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 62: 1001–1016


  1. Gender nonconforming and transgender youth are seeking medical care at younger ages.
  2. Youth with gender variance are often marginalized and misunderstood by their health care providers.
  3. Mental health comorbidities in youth with gender dysphoria significantly diminish when receiving gender-affirming care.
  4. Providers should understand the use of hormone blockers and cross-sex hormones as a strategy in addressing gender dysphoria.
  5. Prompt referrals by medical professionals should be made to an interdisciplinary team experienced in addressing the unique challenges faced by transgender youth and their families.

Click to access journal article on-line

PDF of Journal Article

Posted on